National Library of Australian Continent. Search the catalogue for collection things held by the National Library of Australia. Taliai, Helen R. Ko e Tohi himi ‘a e siasi uesiliana tau’ataina ‘o Tonga mo e ngaahi tu’unga-fasi faka-pilitania. Taliai Hymns originally published in the hymnbook of this Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga, plus 12 recently composed hymns. Request this item to see within the Library’s reading rooms using your collection card.
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Songs , Online – Google Books. Melbourne : Joint Board of Christian Education, c 1 close score ,  p. Includes index. Hymns, Tongan. Special Collections Reading Area.
Fakaongo and tau`ataina – Massey Research Online. install Report. Commentary. Transcription. Fakaongo and tau`ataina – Massey Research Online. Siasi Uēsiliana Tau’atāina ‘o Tonga ‘i ‘Aositelēlia. First Road, Berkshire Park NSW Ph: (02) Siasi Uesiliana Tau’ataina ‘o Tonga (Konifelenisi) features 11, people. ‘Oku talitali lelei kimoutolu kotoa pē ‘oku mou me’a mai ki he formal twitter page ‘a e Siasi Uesiliana Tau’atāina ‘o Tongá. Te mou ma’u atu mei he peesi ko ení ‘a e ngāhi fanongonongo mo age ongoongo fakamuimui taha mei he ‘Ofisi ‘o e ‘Eiki Palesitení mo e Sekelitali.
Sign in Registration. Permission is given for a duplicate to be downloaded by an individual for the purpose of study and personal study only. The thesis might not be reproduced somewhere else minus the permission for the Author. The conclusion of this work ended up being authorized because of the help of several, who I would like to recognize.
Very first, we stretch an extremely honest as a result of my manager, Professor Peter Lineham for his advice, assistance and assistance when you look at the shaping for this thesis. To Finau Matamoana Loloma, thank you for the day-to-day prayers and encouragement. I have experienced the informative energy of Jesus working in myself throughout this extremely ruthless trip.
Page3of An Executive Summary regarding the thesis: earlier scholars resolved the difficulty of acculturation when you look at the improvement the Tongan Wesleyan Church in Tonga from unique point of view, dispute, missiological, and power politics techniques employing their own lens to study the situation.
Research is drawn from Talatukufakaholo Tongan orality, as literature and history source documented by Europeans. Ergo, the relevance of this study is it gives a functional insider view of the dilemma of acculturation in Tongan context. Overview of the offered Literature. Glossary of Tongan Terms. Then in , I happened to be formally recommended,2 that when the Wesleyan objective divided between Moulton and Tupou I and Baker in , the elder minister S.
Although the few deals with Tongan Wesleyans divisions resolved the problem from their very own viewpoint; missionary; politics; conflict, and so on, this thesis takes a practical method. After some several years of fellowships, private distinctions took place and their particular divisions continued into more different groups. In New Zealand, from to , there have been 12 different categories of Tongan Wesleyan churches.
In virtually any make an effort to learn of personal religious identification, there clearly was a tendency that theories, methods and worldviews are handled in a deeper amount. This theory was further consolidated by successive amalgamation of lineages through intermarriages between mainly lineages. This thesis promises this Tala tale as basically the Tongan world view. The essence associated with the Tongan kainga society will be accepted from its recognized history. Page8of practices associated with society. In hindsight, this practice ended up being welcomed as the Tapu ethical relationships and world view which had considerably managed the mindset and behavior associated with the Tongan individuals for hundreds of years.
Royal consanguinity to chiefly lineage of Fiji gave personal significance to some other dynastic lineage of Takalaua also to the Samoan mainly lineage from Upolu offered rise to your Kanokupolu lineage. It may be summed up in one declaration of fie nofo langi [aspiring to reside with a god into the religious abode or even ensnare its attributes]. As currently stated, this principle had managed the emotional practice and methods regarding the Tongans for years and years, and thereby the fakakainga approach emanated from it.
The successive practices had been prompted by it; the aspiration to dwell within the heaven had been constantly respected. The idea at issue is the fact that the obtained theory of Fakaongo ended up being practiced by man persons sensing and accommodated another person considered to be godly associated. This principle and training notably continued to later on hundreds of years, even towards the arrival for the missionaries to create the churches in nineteenth and twentieth-century.
If the Wesleyan missionaries was included with European civilization and religion they discovered it hard to change this theory and training. It turns out that the Tongan worldview had been never changed. The way by which someone sought such inter-relationships had been relationship and inter-marriage among lineages. Many literary works presented the history of Tonga from a biassed position; so that the Kau Fakaongo are almost always defended. Various other literary works in the reputation for Tonga can be evaluated for they offer background to a far better understanding of the problem of acculturation.
Currently, the Page11of missionaries had introduced the tripartite Westminster kind government of Privy Council; Judiciary and Legislative. The inauguration regarding the Constitution in had been another landmark that enhanced the formation of Tongan contemporary government and sovereignty. Compositions on the centenary of the Tongan Constitution in showed continued admiration of these a movement.
Whenever Tonga obtained her national sovereignty as an unbiased Christian kingdom among other countries of Oceania, her individuals were happy. King Tupou 1 additionally won J. Following the occasion, the Wesleyan converts began to take side with each one associated with two leaders; Baker and Moulton.
Most of the north islands looked to the Free Church. Persecutions had been implemented by Baker and his officials making use of the Name of King Tupou 1 to demand respect from the converts. Legalization was used to summon the Wesleyans to become listed on the Free Church action. Some Wesleyans voluntarily exiled themselves to uninhabited countries of Tofua, Kao, and Tonumea. Section 4 provides realities from primar sources about the attempted assassination of Premier Baker together with parties active in the occasion.
The assassins had been found guilty and sentenced to the death punishment together with some Wesleyan ministers. Your decision caused the loyalists of Moulton to go into voluntary exile in the uninhabited area of Ata. King Tupou 1 bought the captain associated with vessel Malokula to sail straight to Suva, Fiji. The so-called exiles resided in Fiji for 36 months.
This motion to release themselves from Tonga identified all of them as Kau Fakaongo. On their return, their opponent Baker had been deported from Tonga. A Conclusion with suggestion is posted to round down this thesis. To meet western notions, as an example, Tonga had pantry ministers, but their authority often emerged less from their new titles than from the undeniable fact that their ancestors in direct line was indeed working out that sort of energy for maybe a thousand years.
Likewise, Christian doctrines and denominational distinctions were tailored 5. John M. Page14of to meet up Tongan needs, frequently to your despair of this missionary mentors. This can be just one region of the issue. Since acculturation itself basically embraces dilemmas in social terms, in my opinion that this research must certanly be addressed from a traditional social standpoint and trace its perpetuation over a long time frame to detect the important points of their authentic continuity which finally understand its identities when you look at the context of this European society and faith encounter utilizing the Tongan tradition into the nineteenth century Tongan culture.
Of the many island nations of Oceania, Tonga perhaps has even more numerous writings on its social, social, anthropological, political and church record than any various other. Three significant reasons might be tendered in explanation: i. Study for the motif will open up conversations that may affect the balance of the interactions and might develop larger divisions.
Elizabeth Wood-Ellem. The name of this organization had been lately changed to Tonga Research Association. Page16of archives in Tonga sufficient reason for families concerned. The Oral and Documentation: Tongan source of understanding and history was Talatukufakaholo and its particular means of recording was fanongonongo tokoto orality, like any other area in Oceania.
Additionally, its political monarchical development ended up being unique; it is the only remaining kingdom in Oceania. Its religious divisive development has also been special. Their acceptance of Christianity and Wesleyan theology and system of polity paved just how when it comes to size for the population to follow, leaving a small percentage of the populace to Catholic as well as other denominations.
Through to the s King Tupou 1 saw it had been very theraputic for his sovereign independent country to start an independent Wesleyan church. The minority became loyal to Moulton and followed the Wesleyan Church administered by the Australia meeting, and identified themselves as Kau Fakaongo. During their lifetime, they were both questionable figures, but after their death, had been analysed individually by historians.
Those historians thinking about Moulton introduced him together with his educational accomplishments for the area country. Unfortuitously, no works had presented them and their efforts alongside the inter-relationships of the supporters loyalists that has end up being the primary issues of church life therefore the community.
It stays a delicate issue with Tongan families whose people had been taking part in this tumultuous duration in Tonga. Taliai introduced the problem laid by Moulton and testimony of 13 Kau Fakaongo Tongans of the pain and agony experienced by Moulton loyalists during this tumultuous circumstance.
The Constitution had been trampled underfoot as well as the oaths which were made beneath the Almighty Jesus were completely overlooked. Tevita Finau of Tupou university was sentenced to imprisonment for a lifetime after the courtroom phrase announced regarding conspiracy when you look at the attempted assassination of Baker, and whoever great grandson Tevita Finau is working as a probationary minister with brand new Zealand Methodists.
There’s also The Rev. its truly a one-sided presentation. Page20of for a complete of 47 working years;16 the record of J. Grainger concluded their work by listing the names associated with the 90 Kau Fakaongo just who moved as exiles to Fiji,18 which also compounded Fakaongo fundamentalism. It will likewise use the definitions given by Grainger in regard to given meanings for the term, Kau Fakaongo. George Brown, D. Kelly, n. Page21of hypocritical parson which manipulated Tongan politics for his or her own aggrandisement.
Crosby, a colleague of Moulton, once the summary. Canberra, It is believed they had dominated and very much controlled the mindset and globe views associated with Tongan people from its known history to the current and had become the Tongan Wesleyan religious identities. Tonga: National Printing-press, Page23of submissive to. Of these four dictionary meanings of the idea Fakaongo: initial three tend to be governmental and administrative, which somewhat demand responsibilities in commitment be paid by subjected people to expert.
The very last meaning offers a physical feeling and in addition a social amount as a religious sound sense , and much deeper in sensing the noise, echo, resonance or clatter within another being.
In every, the four meanings rendered for Fakaongo, if placed alongside each other, may connote actual obligations compensated by subjects to authority and in return, the loyalists sensed the effectiveness of the expert that may various other tradition called mana for a purpose in life. Page24of perspective. Possibly it is vital at this time to state that this thesis will not desire to emphasise that Tonga is different from other communities at all.
It’s wished it’s going to offer pathways to tackle the problem of acculturation, which Rutherford and Niumeitolu advised inside their particular studies. Additionally the life and bodies and time of everybody will be liberated to possess and find property, all performing while they like with the fresh fruit of these hands, and utilizing their own property as they might seem fit. While this can be so; another group of kainga will feel god in a unique frontrunner.
In this way of sensing god might be comparable to understanding labeled in Maori culture by Allan K. It will probably show exactly how Tongans accommodated international realities by way of sensing god, in various circumstances and circumstances.